Bed bugs are tiny parasitic insects with flat oval shaped bodies and are 1 to 5 mm long. Their color varies from gray to reddish brown. The abdomen represents the largest portion of the total size of the body and the head has two lateral antennae.
A female bed bug can lay between 1 and 5 eggs per day and up to 500 eggs during her lifespan. Eggs hatch after 7 to 12 days, depending on environmental conditions. Adult bed bugs can survive up to a year without feeding on blood.
Bed bugs are undesirable parasites that stay hidden during daytime in cracks and crevices in bedroom walls and furniture or close to mattress seams. They come out at night to feed on the blood of unsuspecting victims.
Lately, bed bugs have literally invaded the province. Bed bug bites can leave itchy rashes. They may also leave their droppings and blood stains on the bed and pillows.
Bites on the skin similar to mosquito bites together with itching can be signs of the presence of bed bugs. Other signs of bed bug infestation are black spots on the seams of the bed and blood stains on the bed and pillows.
Bed bugs are invading your home and you urgently need an exterminator? AJS Extermination experts will quickly get rid of this parasite or any other insect and rodent.
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Bed bugs were eradicated from North America and Western Europe between 1950 and 1970, but have now made a comeback to become a major crisis.
In the province of Quebec, the Montreal area is particularly affected by this infestation to the point where the city had to use exceptional measures to fight against this parasite. These measures include, among others, the obligation of dealing with pest control specialists in case of infestation, and the mandatory submission of reports from exterminators to generate a database. Consequently, according to a study made in 2010, more than 2.7% homes on the island of Montreal were affected by bed bugs. The figures for 2013 to date are 2.2%, which allows us to believe that the measures being taken against bedbugs are positive.
Regrettably, the battle against this pest is far from over because bedbugs continue to proliferate, especially in multi-unit dwellings. Lately, the infestation has spread to public places such as senior centers, hospitals, libraries and businesses.
The South Shore of Montreal is no exception to this incursion, according to the Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de la Montérégie; the number of apartment buildings and private homes infested with bedbugs is increasing.
A problem such as bedbugs, if detected early, can be resolved quickly. Cases of infestations are most often caused by owners that did not contact an exterminator.
An infestation of bed bugs does not stem from the occupant’s lack of hygiene, therefore anyone can be a victim. While this parasite can be found at home due to a number of circumstances, it is most often caused when acquiring used furniture, used clothing, moving to a new home or upon returning from a trip. Here is a great list of precautions that can greatly reduce the chances of a bed bug infestation (you can also check out our infographic "Prevention against the 8 harmful critters most commonly found in Québec"):
Considering that Canadians in general love to travel, we are particularly at risk of unknowingly bringing bed bugs in our home because they can easily hide in our bagages, clothes or other personal item. It is important to realize that bed bugs can not only dwell in our hotel room, but also in transport buses, taxis and private homes.
Of course, bed bugs are not found in all tourist areas. In fact, few travelers are affected during their trip. However, the risk is real and it is important to plan accordingly to prevent being among the ever growing number of Canadians who are victims of bed bug infestations at home. Here are some tips to lower the risks: